Overheads in Joint venture accounting-sapsharks - Sapsharks

Overheads in Joint venture accounting-sapsharks

Overheads is a month end process in Joint Venture Accounting. To understand the master data setup and other important concepts, refer back to the joint venture accounting page

Many joint venture operators apply overhead charges, some of which must be calculated, to cover the indirect costs incurred in operating ventures. After these overhead charges are determined by the SAP Joint Venture Accounting (JVA) Cost Calculations process, the SAP JVA Cutback and Billing processes assign them to the appropriate venture partners.

There are different kinds of overheads

1. Construction (MCO) and Catastrophe stepped rate rules

2.Drilling OH percentage or fixed rate basis

3.Production OH percentage or fixed rate basis

4. Payroll Burden

 

There are many project types setup. These project types determine the behavior of overheads for WBS elements.

 

For e.g. the JV project type 02 is for producing overhead.  The JV overhead type is setup as producing overhead.

E.g. the JV project type 02 is for producing overhead. 

The JV overhead type is setup as producing overhead.

 

This JV Project Type is tied to the cost object.

This JV Project Type is tied to the cost object. 

 

The percentage for overhead then needs to be updated in the JOA

The percentage for overhead then needs to be updated in the JOA

 

A posting was made for $100, so the overheads should be 5% of that i.e. $5.

A posting was made for $100, so the overheads should be 5% of that i.e. $5.

 

The next step is to run Overheads. The transaction code is GJ95

The next step is to run Overheads. The transaction code is GJ95

 

1. Company Codes- Enter the company code for which you want to run overheads. 2.Joint Operating Agreement- Enter the JOA(s) for which you want to run overheads or leave it blank if you are running it for company codes.  3- Year- The year for which you want to run Overheads. 4- Peroid- The period for which you want to run Overheads. 5-Update- Check this box if you want to run this in real run.  6-Keep Batch Input- Check this box if you want to keep the batch input session.

1. Company Codes– Enter the company code for which you want to run overheads.

2.Joint Operating Agreement– Enter the JOA(s) for which you want to run overheads or leave it blank if you are running it for company codes. 

3- Year– The year for which you want to run Overheads.

4- Period– The period for which you want to run Overheads.

5-Update– Check this box if you want to run this in a real run. 

6-Keep Batch Input– Check this box if you’re going to keep the batch input session. 

 

The next screen will show the overhead that is being calculated

The next screen will show the overhead that is being calculated

 

Once the output looks correct, go back and check the boxes to update and keep batch input session

Once the output looks correct, go back and check the boxes to update and keep batch input session

 

Once you execute GJ95 with these checkboxes, you will see a session being created

Once you execute GJ95 with these checkboxes, you will see a session being created

 

Go to Sm35 to process the session

Go to Sm35 to process the session. 

 

and process this session in display errors only

and process this session in display errors only

 

 

 

View the document in FB03. The important thing to note is the billing indicator is BI as these charges need to be passed back to the partner.

View the document in FB03. The crucial thing to note is the billing indicator is BI as these charges need to be passed back to the partner.

 

When we run cutback for this JV in GJCB, we see that the $5 charge has been added to the partners.

When we run cutback for this JV in GJCB, we see that the $5 charge has been added to the partners. 

 

Tcode GJ98 can be run to view overhead details. Enter the company code JOA and period and hit execute.

Tcode GJ98 can be run to view overhead details.

Enter the company code JOA and period and hit execute. 

 

 

Stepped-rate Overhead

Stepped rate Overhead Stepped rate overhead is calculated on a sliding scale where the rate varies based on the amonut.  There are different step rate rules and each of these rules have different threshholds The time frame determine whether the thresholds apply for the current period, YTD or ITD.

Stepped-rate overhead is calculated on a sliding scale where the rate varies based on the amount. 

There are different step rate rules, and each of these rules has different thresholds

The time frame determines whether the thresholds apply for the current period, YTD or ITD.

 

 

 

In the above screen shot, no overheads are calcualted until the postings on the wbs are less 999,999.99 or under. When the postings exceed a million dollars, then 2% is calcualted. Note- that 2% is only calculated on the amonut over the threshold. E.g. if the postings are 1.5 million, then 2% isn't calcualted on 1.5 million but rather, it is calcualted on the amount over the threshold of 1 million i.e. 500,000.

In the above screen shot, no overheads are calculated until the postings on the wbs are less 999,999.99 or under. When the postings exceed a million dollars, then 2% is calculated.

Note- that 2% is only calculated on the amount over the threshold. E.g., if the postings are 1.5 million, then 2% isn’t calculated on 1.5 million but rather, it is calculated on the amount over the threshold of 1 million, i.e., 500,000.

 

Stepped rates are applicable for construction, catastrophe, exploration, and drilling.

Enter the stepped rate rule in the JOA. 

Enter the wbs elements for which this stepped rate is applicable. 

 

The wbs master should have the right JV object type that corresponds to this stepped rate type. E.g. the stepped rate type for this wbs element is for consturction i.e. type 6.

The wbs master should have the right JV object type that corresponds to this stepped rate type. E.g., the stepped rate type for this wbs element is for construction, i.e. type 6.

 

Below is a posting of 1.5 million dollars.

Below is a posting of 1.5 million dollars.

 

Run tcode GJ95 to caclualte overheads.

Run tcode GJ95 to calculate overheads.

 

The overheads that are calculated

The overheads that are calculated 

 

The overheads that are calcualted are 10,002.10. If 2% was applied to the entire amount, the overheads would have been     30002.1  But the 2% is applied to the amount over the threshhold, so it is 1,500,105-1,000,000 =  500105 500105*2%= 10002.10 Once the amount looks right, check the boxes to run overheads in real run.

The overheads that are calculated are 10,002.10.

If 2% were applied to the entire amount, the overheads would have been     30002.1 

But the 2% is applied to the amount over the threshold, so it is 1,500,105-1,000,000 =  500105

500105*2%= 10002.10

Once the amount looks right, check the boxes to run overheads in a real run.

  

Payroll Burden

Payroll Burden is calculated on a specific set of accounts. The Payroll burden sets are created, and we assign certain G/L accounts on which we want to calculate Payroll Burden. 

Step1- Create the set in GS01 and assign the accounts.

 

 

Payroll burden will only be calcualted for the above accounts The payroll set needs to be assigned to the JOA and a percentage needs to be assigned to the JOA.

Payroll burden will only be calculated for the above accounts

The payroll set needs to be assigned to the JOA, and a percentage needs to be assigned to the JOA.

 

The posting below is to one of the accounts specified in the Payroll set. The posting is for $100 and the burden percentage is 7, so a 7$ overhead needs to be calcualted.

The posting below is to one of the accounts specified in the Payroll set.

The posting is for $100 and the burden percentage is 7, so a 7$ overhead needs to be calculated. 

 

In order to run Overheads, run the tcode GJ96

To run Overheads, run the tcode GJ96

 

Enter the JOA, period and year for which you want to run overheads.

Enter the JOA, period and year for which you want to run overheads. 

 

 

 

SAP calculated the 7% that was assigned to the JOA Once everything looks good, check the boxes for update and keep batch input session and execute the tcode. and then process the batch input session created in SM35.

SAP calculated the 7% that was assigned to the JOA

Once everything looks good, check the boxes for update and keep batch input session and execute the tcode.

And then process the batch input session created in SM35.

 

Check the posting in FB03 and ensure that is posted the 7$ with a BI indicator.

Check the posting in FB03 and ensure that is posted the 7$ with a BI indicator.

 

 

  • Shane Nigam says:

    I would like Learn SAP JVA and PRA. Could you please provide end to end documents.

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